Climate-induced migration and modern slavery
How is climate-induced migration creating vulnerability to modern slavery and what are the solutions?
Climate change is devastating the planet, leading to intensifying global inequality as well as disputes over land, water and scarce resources. People are being driven to migrate within and across borders in search of resources and income, making them vulnerable to human trafficking and modern slavery, including forced labour.
This groundbreaking report provides important new evidence to inform the UN climate summit (COP26) in November and high-level bodies such as the World Bank and United Nations on the need to address climate change as a factor of modern slavery.
This high level panel launch event featured discussion from experts on modern slavery and climate change as well as real life experiences of forced labour.
About the speakers
- Jasmine O'Connor OBE, CEO Anti-Slavery International
- Clare Shakya, director of IIED's Climate Change research group
- Cecilia Silva Bernardo, climate negotiator for Angola and for the least developed countries, and co-chair of the Adaptation Committee of the UNFCCC
- Felipe González Morales, UN special rapporteur on the human rights of migrants
- Ritu Bharadwaj, senior researcher in IIED's Climate Change research group
- Somnath Hazra, consultant economist and visiting faculty, Jadavpur University, West Bengal, India
- Enock Pufaa, researcher and community engagement officer, Challenging Heights, Ghana
- Fran Witt, climate change and modern slavery advisor, Anti-Slavery International
Watch a recording of the event below. The video is also available on IIED's YouTube channel where you can find links to take you straight to the contributions of each of the key speakers and panellists.
The report and the issues that arose during the event were covered by The Guardian, which highlighted how the climate crisis was leaving ‘millions at risk of trafficking and slavery’.
IIED researcher Ritu Bharadwaj said: “The world cannot continue to turn a blind eye to the forced labour, modern slavery and human trafficking that’s being fuelled by climate change. Addressing these issues needs to be part and parcel of global plans to tackle climate change.”