Using this site

Website terms and conditions


By using and/or accessing this website at, you agree to be legally bound by these Terms & Conditions (which include the Privacy Policy). These Terms & Conditions are governed by the laws of England and subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the English Courts.

These Terms & Conditions may be updated without notice to you, so please check these regularly.

This website ( is provided as a public service. The general public may use this site to review and retrieve publicly available information and documents.

The content of this website, including its intellectual property, is owned by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), or the authors. It may not be republished, copied, used or reproduced without IIED’s written consent, except where it is used for non-commercial study purposes or where it is a blog, which is made available under the Creative Commons License Attribution 2.0, in accordance with the Blog Licence.

If you believe we are infringing your intellectual property rights, please contact us. We will deal with your concern as quickly as possible.

Disclaimer of liability

Subject to the comments about user contributed content below, reasonable efforts have been made to offer the most current, correct, and clearly expressed information possible, on this website. Nevertheless, inadvertent errors in information may occur.

IIED makes no warranties or representations whatsoever regarding the accuracy, quality, content, completeness, or adequacy of information and data on the website. In any situation where IIED printed publications differ from the text contained on the website, the printed documents take precedence.

IIED also reserves the right to make changes to the website at any time without notice to you.

This website provides access to the World Wide Web, including links to other sites. Once you leave the IIED site (including via links from our website), IIED cannot control the information you access and IIED is not responsible for your use of other websites. You access other websites at your own risk.

If misleading, inaccurate or otherwise inappropriate information on this website is brought to our attention, a reasonable effort will be made to fix or remove it. Such concerns about the website should be addressed to

Disclaimer of reliability

IIED makes no representations or warranties regarding the condition or functionality of this website, its suitability for use, or that this web service will be uninterrupted or error-free.

We cannot ensure that the website is appropriate or available for use in every territory around the world. By using the website, you are responsible for compliance with all applicable laws in your territory. You must stop using it immediately if by using it you infringe any law or regulation in your jurisdiction.

Disclaimer of damages

By using this website or any part of it (including the blog or any interactive areas), you assume all risks associated with the use of this site, including any risk of relying on information or content found on this site; or risk to your computer, software or data being damaged.

IIED shall not be liable to you for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages, including (but not limited to) lost revenues or lost profits, resulting from the use or misuse of the IIED website and/or information contained on it.

However, if IIED is liable to you for any reason, its liability will be limited to £200 (except in the case of any liability IIED has for death or personal injury resulting from its negligence or fraudulent misrepresentation).

If your use of the website, including (but not limited to) your use of the Blog or posting/uploading of comments or other content, or breach of these Terms and Conditions creates any losses for IIED, you will compensate IIED for all its losses (including direct and indirect losses, all costs and all damages).

Disclaimer of endorsement

Reference in the website to any specific commercial products, process, or service by trade name, trade mark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favouring by IIED. The views and opinions of authors expressed on this website do not necessarily state or reflect those of IIED, and shall not be used for advertising or product endorsement purposes.

For more information, please contact


Your contributions to the website

If you submit or upload any content to the website, you agree to accept and comply with the following rules at all times. In these Terms & Conditions, "content" means any blog, comment or other user generated content.

You are wholly responsible for all content posted by you on the website. You must not post or upload any content or use the website in a way that breaches any law or infringes any organisation/individuals' rights. You agree to not post or upload any content or use the website in a way that is offensive, threatening, defamatory, obscene, harassing, false, misleading or unreliable.

We do not guarantee that we moderate any content posted to the website but we reserve the right to review/remove/edit any content at any time (including any blogs or comments). We also reserve our right to terminate your access to the website or any part of it.  Any comments submitted to the website are submitted without being edited. If you wish to report any content contributed to the website, please email us via, or flag a comment on the comments system.

Any content contributed to the website by users contains the contributors' personal views and information and not those of IIED. We do not guarantee or endorse the accuracy or reliability of, and can accept no liability in respect of, any advice, opinion, statement or information contained in any user generated content.

Any content posted to the Blog will be subject to the terms of the Blog Licence. You irrevocably agree that other content you post to the website (including any comments) may be used by IIED for any purpose, including on our websites and in hard copy publications, provided it is used in accordance with our Privacy Policy.


Privacy policy

Protecting your privacy is important to IIED. We are committed to letting you know how we use your personal information. If you have any questions about how we use your personal information or comply with data protection legislation, please email us. This Privacy Policy forms part of the Terms & Conditions.

What information do we collect about you?

We may collect personal information from you when you use the website, including when you post content to the website or contact us through the website.

This personal information may include, but is not limited to, your contact details, or other personal details, and video or photos you provide us with.

How do we use this information?

Your personal information will be used by IIED to process your requests, provide or administer IIED's services, to display content you have provided to us on the website (including comments or blog submissions). We will also use/store your personal information for our internal records.

Do we share the personal information you provide to us through the website with third parties?

Any content you submit to the website (including comments or blog submissions) will be used and made available in accordance with our Website Terms and Conditions, and our Blog Licence (for blog submissions).

We do not forward personal information you provide to us through the website to any other third parties.

What security measures are in place to protect your personal information?

We will take reasonable precautions to prevent the loss, misuse or unauthorised alteration of information you provide us with through the website.

Communications from us in connection with the website may be sent to you by email. Email is not a fully secure means of communication and we cannot guarantee our emails are free from viruses and other harmful effects.

Do we use cookies and what are cookies?

We use cookies to help us deliver and improve our services. Cookies are small bits of data we store on the device (computer, mobile phone, tablet) that you use to access our website. For example, we use Google Analytics which uses cookies to facilitate usage monitoring. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies.

Internet browsers normally accept cookies by default. However, if you wish to restrict or block the cookies which are set by our website and others, you can do this through your browser settings. For further details on disabling cookies, see:


Blog licence

By using the blog you agree to be legally bound by the terms of this blog licence and the IIED Website Terms and Conditions.

If there is any conflict between this blog licence and the IIED Website Terms and Conditions, the terms of this blog licence shall prevail.

The content of this blog (but not including any comments posted on or about the blog) is made available under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Licence accessible via (the Creative Commons Licence).

Any personal information submitted in a blog will be treated in accordance with the IIED Privacy Policy.