From global ambition to country action: Bhutan steps towards low-carbon climate-resilient development

Case study
, 19 pages
PDF (328.52 KB)
Published: October 2018
Product code:10195IIED

Many LDCs are working towards strengthening their national policy and legislative frameworks to implement climate action and play their part in global ambition to achieve the overarching goals of the Paris Agreement. Although each country operates within distinct political, institutional, socioeconomic and environmental contexts, there are many overarching constraints and priorities, and sharing experiences with each other is invaluable to support mutual learning. Yet, few opportunities exist for LDCs to compare their experiences, success stories and challenges about how implementation and climate action unfold at the national level.

This case study on Bhutan seeks to showcase the country’s experience in the process of implementing global climate commitments. We take a look at why and how Bhutan is taking steps towards putting the Paris Agreement into practice and embarking on a low-carbon, climate-resilient pathway that is adapted to its unique circumstances. Throughout this report, we compare Bhutan’s efforts with those of other countries in the Asia-Pacific region, drawing on the variety of perspectives gathered at an experience-sharing workshop organised by IIED and Janathakshan in June 2018. From this analysis, we draw up a set of transferable lessons that could facilitate the implementation of climate action at the national level across developing countries.

An abridged version of this case study is available at