Nature-based solutions or the ecosystem approach?

, 2 pages
PDF (533.25 KB)
Published: May 2021
Product code:20201IIED

A debate over terminology risks distracting attention from the key issues under discussion in the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, and derail the number one priority of agreeing an ambitious framework that can both halt biodiversity loss and deliver for human wellbeing.

In this backgrounder, we explore the concepts of nature-based solutions and the ecosystem approach and gauge how far they differ. We also look at concerns that representatives of Indigenous Peoples have with the term nature-based solutions. 

Cite this publication

Roe, D. (2021). Nature-based solutions or the ecosystem approach?. IIED, London.
Available at