Gender and REDD+


Women from poor, forest-dependent communities play a key role in the management of forests, and yet they are frequently marginalised from decision-making in communities. This is a problem as gender equity is essential for tackling more sustainable forest management, and to achieving the aims of REDD+, which aims to reduce emissions and conserve forests in specific countries.

Women discuss forest management at a Community Forest User Group meeting in Nepal. Photo: WOCAN

Project aim

REDD+ aims to compensate countries that reduce emissions from land use and land use change, as well as conserving, sustainably managing or enhancing forests, as a means of mitigating climate change.

Women play a key role in managing forests but are often left on the side-lines of international and national policy-making.

The same is true when it comes to sharing the benefits of climate investment finance.

Participation of women in REDD+ processes

REDD+ readiness plans should not only avoid harming women and other marginalised groups, but actively seek to address their needs and harness their strengths. Read this briefing for more information.

IIED is working with partners in Mozambique, Nepal, Tanzania and Vietnam to conduct research on the participation of women in REDD+ processes as these begin to unfold at national and local level.

This research is focusing on three aspects of gender analysis:

  • Rights — to land, forests and the carbon held within standing forests
  • Power — to participate in decision making
  • Equity — an equitable share in the profits from forest-related products

All countries selected for this study have been implementing participatory natural resource management and other inclusive rural development approaches. We believe in working with existing institutions involved in the planning of national-level REDD+ processes to assess inclusiveness and good governance, which is equitable, accountable and transparent.

It is clear that the success of REDD+ depends on the extent to which individual land users — including women — feel incentivised to change behaviour and practices.

Find out more about IIED’s gender-related work.

Additional resources

His REDD+, her REDD+: how integrating gender can improve readiness, Isilda Nhantumbo, Linley Chiwona- Karltun (2012), IIED Briefing Paper

Mainstreaming gender and climate change in Nepal, Jony Mainaly, Su Fei Tan (2012), IIED


This work is currently funded by the UK Department for International Development.


Mozambique: Eduardo Mondlane University

Tanzania: Sokoine University of Agriculture

Nepal and Vietnam: UN-REDD Regional Office in Asia