Inclusive deliberation and scientific expertise: precaution, diversity and transparency in the governance of risk (PLA 40)
There is growing interest in many industrialised nations in more 'deliberative and inclusionary processes' (DIPs) for the governance of technological risks. This increasing interest is motivated by diminishing public confidence in traditional expert-based and quantitative approaches. The mainstream response in academic and policy circles is to explain this diminishing public confidence in social and cultural terms, rather than through examining existing limitations in expert risk science. By focusing on problems of risk governance that lie 'out there' in society, movements towards more inclusive deliberation may reduce friction with powerful institutional and disciplinary vested interests.
This article was published in PLA 40: Deliberative Democracy and Citizen Empowerment (February 2001). Participatory Learning and Action (PLA, formerly PLA Notes) is the world's leading series on participatory learning and action approaches and methods. PLA publishes articles on participation aimed at practitioners, researchers, academics, students and activists. All articles are peer-reviewed by an international editorial board.
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