Capacity Strengthening in Least Developed Countries for Adaptation to Climate Change (CLACC)

2003 - Ongoing

Established in 2003, CLACC is a growing network of Fellows and international experts from Africa and Asia who work under the auspices of IIED to support Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to adapt to the impacts of climate change.

CLACC official website

Project objectives

  • Strengthening the capacity of civil society in LDCs to adapt to climate change and fostering adaptive capacity among the most vulnerable groups.
  • Establishing an information and knowledge system to help countries to deal with the adverse impacts of climate change.
  • Integrating adaptation to climate change into the work of key non-government institutions, and mainstreaming the NAPA process with these institutions.


Advocacy and networking 

The Southern Voices Capacity Building Programme aims to strengthen climate networks in the South in their ability to advocate for climate policies that benefit poor and vulnerable people.  

Since the failure of the UNFCCC climate change talks to reach an ambitious global climate agreement, Southern civil society organisations (CSOs) and networks have continued to mobilise and increase their efforts to generate stronger public attention and influence climate negotiations and policies – at the international level and increasingly also nationally.

To assist in strengthening and consolidating these networks, IIED is a member of the Climate Capacity Consortium of five Danish and two international non-government organizations (NGOs) supporting the Southern Voices Capacity Building Programme, coordinated by CARE Denmark.  The programme is funded by the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA).

The key programme areas are capacity building, advocacy and knowledge sharing. IIED manages ongoing support for networking and advocacy activities by our Capacity Strengthening in Least Developed Countries for Adaptation to Climate Change (CLACC) network with its 15 in-country civil society networks. CLACC is a network of Fellows and international experts from Africa and Asia who work under the auspices of IIED to support Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to adapt to the impacts of climate change.  

Annual attendance at COPs

CLACC Fellows

Over half of CLACC Fellows were invited to join their national negotiating teams at COP17 in recognition of their expertise gained through CLACC and other sources over the years, and the COPs also provide an important venue for conducting national (as well as international) level advocacy: meeting key national contacts, donors, project partners and NGOs. 


A research programme started in 2005. This assessed grass-roots adaptation activities in various sectors (coastal areas, water management, disaster preparedness and response, health, agriculture, forestry etc.), and fed this information into national adaptation planning (including NAPAs) and international decision-making. National and regional workshops consolidated lessons learned in LDCs on adaptation to climate change and the NAPA process. Lessons learned were disseminated at international meetings and through published reports.

The first research topic focused on climate change and health in the LDCs. CLACC partners engaged with in-country health experts, and with support from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) conducted an assessment of key climate change and health issues in their country. This information fed into national adaptation planning (including NAPAs) and international decision-making processes.

Following the research on health, the CLACC programme embarked on a research programme on climate change and cities. This acknowledged the little attention given to how urban areas in the poorer nations will cope with climate change impacts in the years to come. The work involved a mapping exercise to assess where vulnerable areas are and illustrate this on maps. Official city maps do not provide such information. Fellows needed to meet a range of stakeholders in order to assess where key vulnerabilities lie. This research will be followed by a programme of work on the economics of climate change in selected LDCs.

Regional workshops

The CLACC programme has had sufficient experience and knowledge on issues of adaptation to climate change to convene a group of like-minded actors from civil society in the four regions to discuss, brainstorm and plan next steps on the adaptation agenda in their respective regions and countries.

In collaboration with ecbi, four workshops were held in 2008 in West Africa, Botswana, Guinea and Maldives. In 2009 and 2010 workshops were held in Dakar, Senegal, in Johannesburg, South Africa, and in Nairobi, Kenya to bring together national civil society networks operating in West, Southern and Eastern Africa respectively. CLACC partners played a major role organising and attending these workshops, and they reflect a growing acknowledgement in the South of the need to share intelligence, lessons and best ways forward at a regional level for advocacy activities targeting international, regional and national processes. 

Film and audio

Dago Tshering interviews CLACC fellows about their work on adaptation to climate change for least developed countries, during the COP16 climate change negotiations 2010

A series of paricipatory video films screened from Development & Climate Days film festival, which took place during the United Nations Climate Change Convention in 2008, Poznan, Poland and 2009 in Copenhagen, Denmark respectively.

2008, Poznan, Poland

Community Based Adaptation in Malawi - CURE, Malawi

Rainwater Harvesting - BCAS, Bangladesh

Integrated Hedgerows - LI-BIRD, Nepal

Land Restoration - ENDA, Senegal

2009, Copenhagen, Denmark

Films completed in 2010

Watch interviews with CLACC fellows conducted on the sidelines of the Conference of the Parties summit in Copenhagen by Inside Climate Change Solutions

Mamouda Na Abou Moussa from ENDA speaks about successful networking activities with NGOs in West Africa.

Shepard Zvigadza from ZERO explains how their organisation brings other groups together to discuss issues around climate change.


Southern voices on climate policy choices: Analysis of and lessons learned from civil society advocacy on climate change

Related article: Civil society plays key role in policymaking in a changing climate

Publications search for CLACC



CLACC Fellows' Organisations

ABIODES Biological agriculture, Biodiversity and Sustainable Development are a Mozambican association formed in 1998. Since its creation, ABIODES is a member of the IFOAM (International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements) and of the African Biodiversity Network. ABIODES has implemented activities in areas such as sustainable agriculture, local economic development, environment community development and lobbying and advocacy processes as well as specialized advising and consultancy.

ACTS (African Centre for Technology Studies) is a Nairobi-based international intergovernmental science, technology and environmental policy think-tank that generates and disseminates new knowledge through policy analysis, capacity building and outreach.

AMADE-PELCODE The Malian Association for the Development and Protection of the Environment and the Fight against Desertification aims to protect the environment as well as children's welfare in the view of sustainable development.

BCAS (Bangladesh Center for Advanced Studies) is an independent, non-profit, non-government, policy, research, and implementation institute working on sustainable development at local, national, regional and global levels

CARITAS specialises in Disaster Risk Reduction in Bangladesh. Its mission is to become a partner of people – especially the poor and marginalised, with equal respect for all – to attain integral development, to live a truly human life in dignity and to serve others responsibly.

CURE (The Coordination Unit for the Rehabilitation of the Environment) provides technical support to improve networking amongst NGOS, the Government of Malawi, Donors and other organizations or individuals working in the area of Environment.

DENIVA a Ugandan Network of Non-Governmental and Community Based Organisations providing a platform for collective action and a voice to voluntary local associations to strongly advocate for the creation of more opportunities for people and CSO participation in the development of Uganda.

EECZ (Energy and Environmental Concerns) is a grouping of researchers, academics and policy makers involved in the promotion and development of sustainable energy in Zambia.

ENDA (Environment and Development Action in the Third World) collaborates with grassroots groups in search of alternative development models on the basis of the experience, expectations and objectives of marginalised peoples.

EPMS (Environmental Protection and Management Services) is dedicated to enhancing environmental management and sustainable development through encouraging wise use of the available knowledge, facilitating access to relevant information, training, research and investment opportunities as well as through hands on projects

LI-BIRD (Local Initiatives for Biodiversity Research and Development) is anon-government organization in Nepal working in agriculture, biodiversity, climate change and natural resource management. Our mission is to promote sustainable development and to improve the livelihoods of people in diverse agro ecological, socio-economic and cultural settings.

OFEDI (Organisation of Women's Management of Energy, Environment and Integrated Development), Benin. For further information email:

RSPN (Royal Society for Protection of Nature) missions is to inspire personal responsibility and actively involve the people of Bhutan in the conservation of the Kingdom's environment through education, applied research and information dissemination.

SECS (The Sudanese Conservation Society) promotes the conservation of the environment and achievement of sustainable development through community participation. SECS is an active NGO enjoying a leading role in the formulation and execution of an environmental literacy program.

ZERO (Zero Regional Environment Organisation) is the premier research, planning and implementation agency operating in the Southern African region since 1987, whose mission is to work with rural and urban communities fostering balanced, healthy growth and self reliance within a rapidly changing world.


Dr Hannah Reid

Beth Henriette