Testing REDD+ in Mozambique


IIED has been helping to facilitate the REDD+ process, which aims to reduce emissions and conserve forests, in Mozambique since 2009.

A REDD strategy team talk to farmer Nimale Maribu at the Meceburi Forest Reserve, Mozambique. Photo: Mike Goldwater

REDD+ aims to compensate developing countries that reduce emissions from land use and land use change, as well as conserving, sustainably managing or enhancing forests, as a means of mitigating climate change.

We have been helping to facilitate the REDD+ process through the South-South REDD Brazil-Mozambique initiative, a project funded by the Brazilian government which aimed to prepare a national REDD+ strategy for Mozambique.

To date our work has included the development of Mozambique’s national REDD+ strategy and the REDD+ readiness preparation proposal, which was approved in March 2012 by the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility.

Deforestation in Mozambique: increasing pressures

We are also carrying out research on deforestation in the country. As part of that process, research carried out in the Beira landscape corridor showed annual biomass and carbon losses of 3.1 per cent between 2007 and 2010. This is an alarming figure because one study site in Manica province in western Mozambique is near areas that are supposed to be protected forests.

There is now an urgent need to assess the extent to which the study site is representative of the situation across the broader Beira landscape corridor, and to determine what investment packages might help prevent deforestation and degradation.

What we’re doing

IIED is doing more detailed research on the Beira corridor, where the most productive forests are concentrated and where there is also a high potential for small- and large-scale commercial agriculture. The area also includes a major concentration of forest concessions, as well as agricultural initiatives.

The project has a research component and an implementation and testing component.

The research component involves constructing a socio-economic baseline, which sets out how the current land is being used and how it benefits local communities. From its baseline of carbon stocks — stored in soils and biomass — a reference level for carbon stocks for the region also needs to be constructed. Remote sensing and GIS will then be used to examine how the drivers of deforestation and degradation are distributed.

We want to look at what kinds of interventions need to be put in place to reduce and contain deforestation and degradation of Mozambique’s forests. Then we plan to undertake an economic analysis to see whether these delivery models are viable or not. We will then look at their social and environmental impacts.

The implementation and testing component of the project will identify land users who can implement those models and develop a suggested investment package needed to implement them. This will include outlining the amount of money needed for training, credit, organising producers, equipment and technical assistance.

Additional resources


Implementação do Redd+ no corredor da Beira abrangendo as províncias de Manica, Sofala e Zambézia, Isilda Nhantumbo, Romana Rombe, Benard Guedes (2013), Project information leaflet

Getting REDD-ready: two models of coordination and engagement from Africa, Isilda Nhantumbo (2012) IIED Briefing Paper

Understanding carbon loss and potential interventions in Manica, Mozambique, Isilda Nhantumbo (2012) IIED Briefing Paper


The Norwegian Embassy in Mozambique is funding this project, which runs until December 2015.


The Centre for Sustainable Development, University of Cambridge

Institute for Agrarian Research of Mozambique (IIAM) (Portuguese language site)

MICAIA Foundation

Faculties of Agriculture and of Arts and Social Sciences at Eduardo Mondlane University (Portuguese language site)

Organização de Ajuda Mútua (ORAM)