Date: August 2022 (TBC)
Where: Kunming, China
Various women holding sickles and working the land

Farmers in Debre Zeyit, Ethiopia (Photo: Nora Castaneda-Alvarez / Crop Trust via Flickr, CC BY-ND 2.0)

IIED at the 15th Convention on Biological Diversity conference in Kunming, China (COP15).

In 2022 the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) will meet to discuss the plans and outcomes of the treaty in the second phase of CBD COP15.

This first phase was hosted virtually in October 2021, after the original meeting was postponed from 2020, and the in-person element is due to take place in Kunming, China in August (to be confirmed).

At COP15 the CBD is due to adopt a Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework, as a 'stepping stone towards the 2050 Vision of "Living in harmony with nature"'. This international agreement is important to IIED's work that seeks to put locally-led action at the heart of delivering the gobal biodiversity framework (GBF) and transforming our relationship with nature.

Locally-led action must be central to delivering the GBF and transforming our relationship with nature. The needs, rights, cultural values and knowledge of Indigenous Peoples and local communities must be at the heart of the framework. Further, locally-led action on land and in marine areas is essential to the success of the 30x30 Target and the GBF. This must be enabled through equitable governance and an increase in finance.

Governments, the private sector and all sectors working on development and conservation must step up in their commitment to locally-led action to help deliver better outcomes for climate, nature and people over the coming decade and beyond.

What is CBD COP15?

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) opened for signature in 1992 at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. An international treaty for the conservation of biodiversity, the sustainable use of the components of biodiversity and the equitable sharing of the benefits derived from the use of genetic resources, it entered into force in December 1993.

With 196 Parties, the CBD has near universal participation among countries.

The meetings of the Parties to the convention are known as Conferences of the Parties (COP), with the first one (COP1) held in Nassau, Bahamas, in 1994. The second phase of the most recent one (COP15) will be held in Kunming, China.


IIED has been building up to CBD COP15 for some time as part of the 2021 'super year' and hosted various events as part of London Climate Action Week, the IUCN World Conservation Congress, COP26, Development & Climate Days 2021 and the institute's IIED Debates series.

IIED and partners participated in the virtual negotiations in 2021 and will be participating in the in-person meetings and negotiations throughout 2022.

Ahead of the negotiations, IIED staff and guest experts will write a series of blogs showcasing the role of locally-led solutions in halting and reversing our current catastrophic loss of biodiversity.

This page will summarise key IIED activities in the run-up to and during the two-week COP15 gathering, where some of our researchers and partners will host and speak at side events.


    Ebony Holland (, nature-climate policy lead in IIED's Natural Resources and Climate Change research groups