Planning for climate change: can traditional and government planning processes complement each other for climate resilient growth?
Increasing climate variability and the likelihood of more frequent extreme weather events (e.g. droughts and floods) will create serious challenges for people whose livelihoods strongly depend on climatic conditions,such as farmers and pastoralists. These challenges, which will be particularly pronounced in Tanzania’s drylands, must be proactively addressed if these populations are to adapt to climate change and ensure resilient, sustainable and secure livelihoods.
Research was carried out in three Northern Tanzania districts – Monduli, Longido and Ngorongoro – to better understand how climate change is impacting rural livelihoods, how communities are responding to these changes, and how government planning systems are able to address changing climatic conditions.
It also examined the level of collaboration between government and traditional planning processes and the challenges and potential opportunities for achieving climate resilience and adaptation. Through research,interviews and a multi-stakeholder workshop, recommendations were developed to improve and harmonise planning processes so that they are more supportive, flexible and adaptive to communities and a changing climate.