Does PRA make sense in democratic societies? (PLA 44)

Journal (part) article
PDF (48.1 KB)
Published: June 2002
Participatory Learning and Action
Product code:G02010
Source publication:
Participatory Learning and Action series, issue 44: Local Government and Participation

Do Participatory Learning and Action methods, and in particular Participatory Rural Appraisals, work as an effective tool in industrialised countries where functioning democratic institutions are already operating? This is the question posed by the author in this paper as he draws on experiences from development projects in rural Germany.

Participatory Learning and Action (PLA, formerly PLA Notes) is the world's leading series on participatory learning and action approaches and methods. PLA publishes articles on participation aimed at practitioners, researchers, academics, students and activists. All articles are peer-reviewed by an international editorial board. See:

This article was published in PLA 44: Local Government and Participation (June 2002). ~Click on ‘More information’ to visit: on 'Additional information' to download the whole issue or individual articles for this issue of PLA.