Connecting social protection with fisheries management and conservation
Access to effective social protection is limited in the fisheries sector. IIED is working with partners to develop a vision for social protection that enables and incentivises more sustainable and resilient fisheries, while addressing the needs of vulnerable men and women who depend on them.
Senior researcher (inclusive blue economy), Shaping Sustainable Markets
Fishers and fish workers – most of whom are small-scale or artisanal workers living in the global South – face increasingly high levels of risk as overfishing, climate change and other human activities play havoc with their lives and livelihoods.
Fisheries management and aquatic habitat conservation interventions should reduce these risks in the long term, but they usually impose a short- to medium-term social or economic cost on fishers and fish workers.
These costs can undermine the legitimacy and impact of an intervention, particularly where governance is weak, and for the most vulnerable they can be insurmountable. This tends to result in low compliance with regulations and unsustainable or destructive fishing activities, which ultimately exacerbate the impacts of climate change and fuel poverty.
Mechanisms such as compensation and payments for ecosystem services are increasingly incorporated into fisheries management and conservation interventions to mitigate these costs and incentivise behaviour change, but they do not typically reach the most vulnerable people.
Social protection (social assistance and social insurance) and active labour market programmes help people – especially the most vulnerable – to manage risk and build resilience against shocks. But access is currently limited, particularly among informal workers and including most small-scale fishers and fish workers.
As momentum builds globally to make social protection more universal and adaptive, governments have an opportunity to leverage these systems, policies and programmes to enable and incentivise behaviours that support more sustainable and resilient fisheries, while also reducing poverty and vulnerability.
What is IIED doing?
Building on our previous work on economic incentives for sustainable fisheries in Bangladesh and Myanmar, as well as research with FAO on social protection in Mediterranean small-scale fisheries, IIED is exploring how social protection and labour market systems, policies and programmes can be extended and adapted to support fisheries management and conservation interventions.
In collaboration with the World Bank’s Social Protection and Jobs Global Practice, IIED conducted a global stocktake of social protection and labour interventions in the fisheries sector.
This led to the development of a conceptual framework to guide policymakers and practitioners towards a more integrated approach to social protection, labour and fisheries management.
The framework describes the social-ecological risks faced by fishers and fish workers and outlines the main potential pathways for expanding and adapting social protection and labour market systems, policies and programmes to enable and incentivise sustainability in the fisheries sector.
It also provides a set of recommendations on how to put this into practice. The framework has been summarised in an infographic.
Next, IIED aims to work with partners to document and assess social protection coverage in the fisheries sector, and emerging policies and programmes that integrate social protection and labour market interventions with fisheries management and conservation, through country-level case studies.
Infographic: Connecting social protection and fisheries management for sustainability, Annabelle J Bladon (2022), Project material
Video: Connecting social protection and fisheries management, World Bank presentation (May 2022)
Connecting social protection and fisheries management for sustainability: a conceptual framework, Annabelle J Bladon, Gunilla Tegelskär Greig, Yuko Okamura (2022), World Bank Social Protection and Jobs Policy and Technical Note
Social protection for small-scale fisheries in the Mediterranean region – a review, FAO (2019)
Evaluating the ecological and social targeting of a compensation scheme in Bangladesh, Annabelle Bladon, Essam Yassin Mohammed, Belayet Hossain, Golam Kibria, Liaquat Ali, E.J. Milner-Gulland (2018), PLoS ONE 13(6): e0197809.
Blog: How social protection can support people and sustain fisheries, Annabelle Bladon and Yuko Okamura (May 2022)