Land deals in Africa: What is in the contracts?

Reports/papers (non-specific)
, 56 pages
PDF (256.53 KB)
English, Français
Published: March 2011
Land, investment and rights
ISBN: 9781843698043
Product code:12568IIED

Over the past few years, agribusiness, investment funds and government agencies have been acquiring long-term rights over large areas of land in Africa. Together with applicable national and international law, contracts define the terms of an investment project, and the way risks, costs and benefits are distributed. Who has the authority to sign the contract and through what process greatly influences the extent to which people can have their voices heard. Yet very little is known about the exact terms of the land deals.

This report has been produced under IIED’s Legal tools for citizen empowerment project.~Drawing on the legal analysis of twelve land deals from different parts of Africa, this report discusses the contractual issues for which public scrutiny is most needed, and aims to promote informed public debate about them.

NOTE: The report was revised in March 2011; please refer to this revised version for all purposes.

Cite this publication

Cotula, L. (2011). Land deals in Africa: What is in the contracts?. .
Available at