Addressing the needs of urban children and adolescents
Not enough is known about practical and effective ways of addressing children's interests within urban development. Their concerns are rarely taken into account in most planning decisions, community development projects or housing and neighbourhood upgrading schemes.
The Human Settlements Group’s work in this field has been developed by Roger Hart and Sheridan Bartlett of the Children’s Environments Research Group (New York University). Dr Bartlett works part-time in IIED and she took primary responsibility for preparing the book Cities for Children: Children's Rights, Poverty and Urban Management, published by Earthscan in association with UNICEF in 1999, which looks at the implications of children’s priorities for different municipal departments or agencies (e.g. for planning, education, health, transport, education and law enforcement).
The Programme also produced the Earthscan Book The Environment for Children for UNICEF in 1996. Programme staff have also been active, advising UNICEF’s Child-Friendly Cities Programme and the October 2002 issue of Environment and Urbanization is on Building cities with and for children and youth.
Further work is underway, developing guidelines to assist community groups, NGOs, development agencies and government officials in ensuring that children's priorities are included in their planning and practice
Bartlett, S. (2008), 'Urban children and climate change: impacts and implications for adaptation in low- and middle-income countries.' Climate Change and Cities Discussion Paper 2, IIED, London
Mabala, R. (2006). "From HIV prevention to HIV protection: addressing the vulnerability of girls and young women in urban areas." Environment and Urbanization 18(2): 407-432.
Minujin, Alberto, Enrique Delamonica, Alejandra Davidziuk, and Edward D Gonzalez (2006)
"The definition of child poverty: a discussion of concepts and measurements "
Environment and Urbanization 2006 18(2): 481-500.
In 2002 a whole issue of the journal Environment and Urbanization was dedicated to Building Better Cities for Children and Youth