PLA 22: General Issue

This edition of PLA addresses a variety of emerging conceptual and methodological issues. 

Article, 01 February 1995
Participatory Learning and Action
A journal for newcomers and experienced practitioners alike.

February 1995

Various authors

Several of the articles emphasise that practitioners of Participatory Rural Appraisal must keep a watchful eye on how the term is used, and to what it is applied. 

The articles on methodological innovations include methods such as social mapping and ranking. The contents include reports work in many countries, including Philippines, Zimbabwe and Ethiopia.

The tips for trainers section looks at non-verbal sequences.

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License. Content can be freely reproduced for non-commercial purposes, provided the source is fully acknowledged. 

Follow the links below to download the whole issue or individual articles in pdf format.

Download the complete issue.



Sharing our concerns and looking to the future
Elkanah Absalom et al.

Handle with care! rapid studies and the poor
Clas Lindberg, Vesa-Matti Loiske, Wilhelm Östberg and Claude Mung'ong'o

PRA and raised expectations: potentials and pitfalls
Richard Edwards

The grandfather graph
Nurul Islam Nazem and Pete Atkins

Social maps and geographical transects: some recent experiences in Orissa, India
Prahlad Mishra and Gayatree Mohanty

Women prefer lunchtime
Claus Euler

Beyond ranking: exploring relative preferences in P/RRA
Simon Maxwell and Claude Bart

Defending the land with maps
Derek Denniston

PRA in a health education, water and sanitation project in Kenya
David Adriance

RRA in coastal resource planning: Malampaya Sound, the Philippines
Michael Pido

Rehabilitating minor irrigation tanks
S. Kasivelu, Rupert Howes and John Devavaram

Diagrams for demographic data collection: examples from the Tembomvura, Zimbabwe
Ravai Marindo-Ranganai

PRA for self-reliant rural development: the case of a resettlement Area in Ethiopia
Savina Ammassari

A participatory organisational appraisal of ACORD
Mick Howes and Chris Roche

Ranking constraints in a community  forestry and soil conservation Programme
Kebede Asrat

PRA for people and parks: the case of Mole National Park, Ghana
John Mason and Elijah Danso

The use of RRA in conservation expeditions: experiences from Sierra Leone
Sarah Pocknell and Danny Annaly

Tips for Trainers: Non-verbal sequences
Robert Chambers