Do alternative livelihoods projects work to protect, maintain or even improve biodiversity? What has worked, what hasn’t worked and why? This project aims to answer some of those questions by analysing the evidence.
There is an explicit assumption that reducing the rate of biodiversity loss can help in efforts to tackle global poverty. But the evidence for this assumption is surprisingly weak. This project aims to review the existing evidence base, identify knowledge gaps and make evidence more widely available.
The links between biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation are widely debated and hotly contested. We are carrying out research to clarify and assess the evidence on the links between the two.
Biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction must be tackled together by the institutions that drive policy, rules, plans, investment and action for both – a process known as ‘mainstreaming’. We aim to ensure this happens through research, capacity building and partnerships with key organisations, communities and other actors.
Great Ape conservation organisations are increasingly aware of the need to address poverty if they are to be successful in their efforts to conserve habitats and protect dwindling Great Ape populations.
This collaborative initiative with a consortium of international conservation organisations was formalised in 2009 to improve conservation work by promoting the integration of human rights principles into conservation policy and practice
IIED is supporting and raising the profile of local organisations in East Africa to help make the case for investing in and scaling-up community-based approaches to transforming landscapes, economies and rural societies.
Understanding the trade-offs between conservation and poverty alleviation objectives has been slow. IIED is coordinating a project that aims to develop, test and roll out a methodology for rapidly assessing the social impacts of protected areas.
Despite recent interventions aimed at improving the livelihoods of communities in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park in Uganda, the illegal use of the park’s resources continues. This IIED project aims to better understand who is carrying out the unauthorised use of resources and why, so that interventions can be more effective in the future.
The Poverty and Conservation Learning Group is an international network of more than 100 conservation and development organisations that promotes learning on the linkages between biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction, in order to improve policy and practice. Individuals with an interest in poverty-conservation issues are also welcome to join the group to take advantage of the resources we offer, and to contribute to our work.
IIED aims to change the way that conservation is implemented so that it conserves biodiversity and helps poor people improve their lives. We do this through facilitating dialogue, conducting and supporting research, and engaging in training and advocacy.
How and under what conditions can decentralised governance, capacity building and participation by farmers promote food systems that adapt to changing conditions and climates and maintain agricultural biodiversity?
Taken together, national laws, international treaties and transnational contracts define the terms of an investment and the distribution of its risks, costs and benefits. Getting the law and contracts right is a critical part of ensuring that an investment contributes to sustainable development.
Investors are increasingly interested in accessing land and natural resources in some of the world’s poorest countries. While this can create new opportunities for local communities, it also comes with risks. These new pressures on land require communities to develop new resources and capabilities to make decisions on the potential risks and benefits of engaging with investors and to block plans if they’re not in their best interest.
Can a half-acre of dry earth be more precious than gold? To farmers in some of the world's poorest countries, the answer is very literally yes. Goldmining, agribusiness and other interests are pushing farmers off the land they need for crops, and polluting their waterways.
The Regoverning Markets project focused on how the modernisation of agrifood markets in emerging economies, and implications for small-scale producers. The goal was to secure more equitable producer and trade benefits in response to those changes. It was a multi-partner collaborative research programme made up of a consortium of some 20 research organisations and funding agencies.