Understanding the trade-offs between conservation and poverty alleviation objectives has been slow. IIED is coordinating a project that aims to develop, test and roll out a methodology for rapidly assessing the social impacts of protected areas.
Despite recent interventions aimed at improving the livelihoods of communities in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park in Uganda, the illegal use of the park’s resources continues. This IIED project aims to better understand who is carrying out the unauthorised use of resources and why, so that interventions can be more effective in the future.
The Poverty and Conservation Learning Group is an international network of more than 100 conservation and development organisations that promotes learning on the linkages between biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction, in order to improve policy and practice. Individuals with an interest in poverty-conservation issues are also welcome to join the group to take advantage of the resources we offer, and to contribute to our work.
IIED aims to change the way that conservation is implemented so that it conserves biodiversity and helps poor people improve their lives. We do this through facilitating dialogue, conducting and supporting research, and engaging in training and advocacy.
How and under what conditions can decentralised governance, capacity building and participation by farmers promote food systems that adapt to changing conditions and climates and maintain agricultural biodiversity?
Taken together, national laws, international treaties and transnational contracts define the terms of an investment and the distribution of its risks, costs and benefits. Getting the law and contracts right is a critical part of ensuring that an investment contributes to sustainable development.
Investors are increasingly interested in accessing land and natural resources in some of the world’s poorest countries. While this can create new opportunities for local communities, it also comes with risks. These new pressures on land require communities to develop new resources and capabilities to make decisions on the potential risks and benefits of engaging with investors and to block plans if they’re not in their best interest.
Can a half-acre of dry earth be more precious than gold? To farmers in some of the world's poorest countries, the answer is very literally yes. Goldmining, agribusiness and other interests are pushing farmers off the land they need for crops, and polluting their waterways.
The Regoverning Markets project focused on how the modernisation of agrifood markets in emerging economies, and implications for small-scale producers. The goal was to secure more equitable producer and trade benefits in response to those changes. It was a multi-partner collaborative research programme made up of a consortium of some 20 research organisations and funding agencies.
The Regoverning Markets project focused on corporate concentration in the global food sector and its consequences for sustainable development, the goal was to secure more equitable producer and trade benefits in response to the dynamic changes in agrifood market restructuring.
IIED’s Forest Team works with partners in Africa, Asia and Latin America to improve the livelihoods of those who live in and around forests, as well as ensuring that those forests are managed in a fair and sustainable way.
China's economic progress over the past few decades has been dramatic, but so too have changes in environmental governance in the country. The China Strategy Team carries out work to improve China’s role as an international development actor. To accomplish this, we work across all research groups at IIED.
We can only survive without drinking water for a few days – it’s crucial for our survival. Water is also crucial for supporting people’s ways of life, from raising livestock, to managing fisheries and irrigating crops. In many parts of semi-arid West Africa water is in short supply and the pressures on existing water resources are set to increase. IIED aims to help bring about fairer and more sustainable water governance that ensures poor and vulnerable communities don’t miss out.
Land is life for millions of people across rural Africa. It is central for ensuring they have enough food to eat. Even if they are involved in other trades, land is an essential safety net for the rural poor during times of economic instability and helps define cultures and identities.
Vulnerable food producers and consumers often do not benefit from technological advances in agricultural sciences or the expansion of agricultural commodity markets. IIED is carrying out activities and research to redress the balance.