Helping LDCs and other vulnerable countries achieve equitable and ambitious climate outcomes through global decision-making

IIED supports the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and other vulnerable developing countries to achieve equitable and ambitious outcomes through global decision-making. We also help individual countries prepare for the effective implementation of these decisions through national policy and legislative strengthening.

The German city of Bonn is the headquarters of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Photo: Shubert Ciencia, Creative Commons via Flickr)

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) aims to prevent dangerous climate change without compromising sustainable economic development. Adopted in December 2015 and already in force, the Paris Agreement will shape the work of the UNFCCC for the foreseeable future.

To achieve the UNFCCC's goal, all countries must be able to participate fully in formulating global climate change policies. In particular, we must take into account the concerns of the countries most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Yet many global decisions are taken without proper representation by these countries.

LDCs and other vulnerable countries often lack the capacity to participate effectively in global policymaking processes. They lack the financial resources, evidence-based research support and the technical and legal advice they need to negotiate issues effectively. Their small delegations often include new negotiators who have to learn on the job.

We support negotiators from LDCs and other vulnerable countries by providing on-demand legal, technical and strategic advice. We work to facilitate their engagement in the global policymaking process through participation and capacity strengthening support, and by providing support for ongoing climate diplomacy.

International agreements can only work if they are translated into effective action at national and local level. IIED also supports individual LDCs to strengthen national policy and legislative responses in line with their commitments at the international level.

Find out more

IIED researchers monitor international climate negotiations, providing analysis of key concepts and concerns, keeping a special focus on the interests of the world’s most vulnerable and least developed countries: 


Achala C. Abeysinghe (, principal researcher, Climate Change research group; team leader, global climate law, policy and governance team