Triggering: an extract from the Handbook on Community-Led Total Sanitation (PLA 61)

Journal (part) article
PDF (692.34 KB)
Published: November 2010
Participatory Learning and Action
Product code:G02809
Source publication:
Participatory Learning and Action 61 Tales of Shit: Community-Led Total Sanitation in Africa

The Handbook on Community-Led Total Sanitation by Kamal Kar with Robert Chambers contains comprehensive information on CLTS, its pre-triggering, triggering and post-triggering stages, as well as examples and case studies from around the world. This Tips for trainers extract reproduces the chapter on triggering communities. The extract describes a selection of CLTS triggering tools, which some of the authors in this special issue have also referred to in their articles.

Participatory Learning and Action (PLA, formerly PLA Notes) is the world's leading series on participatory learning and action approaches and methods. PLA publishes articles on participation aimed at practitioners, researchers, academics and activists. All articles are peer-reviewed by an international editorial board. See:

Article in: PLA 61. Guest-edited by: Petra Bongartz, Samuel Musembi Musyoki, Angela Milligan and Holly Ashley.

Keywords: CLTS, Community-Led Total Sanitation, water, hygiene, Kamal Kar, health, PRA, scaling up, policy, triggering, training, facilitation.

To read the full table of contents or download whole issue please click on More information above.

Cite this publication

Kar, K. and Chambers, R. (2010). Triggering: an extract from the Handbook on Community-Led Total Sanitation (PLA 61). .
Available at