Breaking shit taboos: CLTS in Kenya (PLA 61)

Journal (part) article
PDF (103.15 KB)
Published: November 2010
Participatory Learning and Action
Product code:G02800
Source publication:
Participatory Learning and Action 61 Tales of Shit: Community-Led Total Sanitation in Africa

Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) was introduced in Kilifi district, Kenya by Plan Kenya in 2007, working with the Kenyan Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation. Since that time, there has been a steep uptake in the construction and use of latrines by local communities. From only one in 2007, there are now over 200 open defecation free (ODF) villages. The number of latrines increased from 300 in 2007 to over 4,550 in 2009. The success of CLTS benefited from local sanitation practices, which hinge on cultural beliefs that affect all aspects of the villagers’ day-to-day activities. These helped trigger the communities’ desire to end open defecation and embrace CLTS. This article examines the link between those local sanitation practices and the success of CLTS in Kilifi.

Participatory Learning and Action (PLA, formerly PLA Notes) is the world's leading series on participatory learning and action approaches and methods. PLA publishes articles on participation aimed at practitioners, researchers, academics and activists. All articles are peer-reviewed by an international editorial board. See:

Article in: PLA 61. Guest-edited by: Petra Bongartz, Samuel Musembi Musyoki, Angela Milligan and Holly Ashley.

Keywords: CLTS, Community-Led Total Sanitation, water, hygiene, Kamal Kar, health, PRA, scaling up, policy, triggering, training, facilitation.

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Cite this publication

Bwire, B. (2010). Breaking shit taboos: CLTS in Kenya (PLA 61). .
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