COP21 publications

Article, 17 November 2015

A list of publications produced for the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) and side events by IIED and its partners.

Delivering climate and development finance to the poorest: intermediaries that 'leave no-one behind' Delivering climate and development finance to the poorest: intermediaries that 'leave no-one behind'

Efforts to achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and implement the Paris climate change agreement will fail if finance does not reach the poor women and men who need it most...


Beyond loans: instruments to ensure the poor access climate and development financeBeyond loans: instruments to ensure the poor access climate and development finance

While there is wide-ranging debate about how to mobilise financial resources for developing countries, much more policy attention must be focused on how to get these resources into the hands of poor people who need them most...


Understanding key positions of the Least Developed Countries in climate change negotiationsUnderstanding key positions of the Least Developed Countries in climate change negotiations

By December 2015, a new climate change agreement must be in place under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)...


Options for the Legal Form of the Paris OutcomeOptions for the legal form of the Paris outcome

There are various legal options for the form of the final outcome from the COP21 to be held in Paris that comes under the three broad options listed in the Durban Decision...


REDD+ for profit or for good? Review of private sector and NGO experience in REDD projectsREDD+ for profit or for good? Review of private sector and NGO experience in REDD projects

Despite slow progress to securing a robust international agreement on climate change, progress has been made on REDD+ during COP negotiations, notably in the Cancun Agreement and the more recent Warsaw REDD+ Framework...


Governments need to lead the way for REDD+ deliveryGovernments need to lead the way for REDD+ delivery

Countries are establishing strong policy and institutional arrangements to develop strategies to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+)...


Innovations for equity and inclusion in smallholder payments for ecosystem servicesInnovations for equity and inclusion in smallholder payments for ecosystem services

This workshop report describes how IIED’s Shaping Sustainable Markets (SSM) initiative is seeking to bridge research and practice in the design of pro-poor PES schemes...


Linking smallholders to PES/REDD+ intermediaries and ecosystem service marketsLinking smallholders to PES/REDD+ intermediaries and ecosystem service markets

Intermediaries – governments, local organised community groups, NGOs and the private sector – are important players in linking smallholders to niche markets for environmental services...


Payments for Ecosystem Services in smallholder agriculture: lessons from the Hivos-IIED learning trajectoryPayments for Ecosystem Services in smallholder agriculture: lessons from the Hivos-IIED learning trajectory

This synthesis report presents highlights from six projects which are part of the joint Hivos-IIED PES Learning Trajectory Programme in five countries – Guatemala, Indonesia, Kenya, Nicaragua and Peru – that are exploring the use of carbon projects in smallholder farming...


Equitable REDD+: Exploring concepts and strategiesEquitable REDD+: Exploring concepts and strategies

Equity means different things to different people. As this discussion paper shows, this is a reflection of different principles, frames of reference and scales...


Food vs forests in sub-Saharan Africa: a challenge for the SDGs Food vs forests in sub-Saharan Africa: a challenge for the SDGs 

Domestic food supply in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) will need to triple in the next 35 years. But SSA countries have also committed to reducing or halting deforestation...


Ten principles to help assess funding for local climate adaptation  Ten principles to help assess funding for local climate adaptation

Escalating climate change impacts are intensifying the need for local communities to adapt. But it is not known how much adaptation finance is flowing down to local activities...


Carbon investors and smallholders: a symbiotic relationship Carbon investors and smallholders: a symbiotic relationship

Our global economy faces major challenges. Climate change and poverty reduction are top priorities embedded in the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These goals will define national and international policies for the next 15 years...


Applying three dimensions of equity to REDDApplying three dimensions of equity to REDD+

REDD+ strives to be equitable, but often focuses on only part of the picture, so that even apparently-strong strategies, may be less equitable on closer inspection...

 

 

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