Introduction to helping vulnerable countries achieve equitable solutions in climate law and policymaking processes

IIED works to make global climate law, policy and governance more equitable and more effective. We do this by providing support to vulnerable developing countries – both at international climate negotiations, and nationally, as individual countries work to implement global agreements at a local level. 

Plenary discussions, Bangkok climate change talks. Photo: UNclimatechange

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) aims to prevent dangerous climate change without compromising sustainable economic development. 

To achieve this goal, all countries must be able to participate fully in formulating global climate change policies. In particular, we must take into account the concerns of the countries most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Yet many global decisions are taken without proper representation by these most vulnerable countries.

Vulnerable developing countries often lack the capacity to participate effectively in global policymaking processes. They lack the financial resources, evidence-based research support and the technical and legal advice they need to negotiate issues effectively. Their small delegations often include new negotiators who have to learn on the job.

We support negotiators from vulnerable developing countries by providing legal, technical and strategic advice, by building and sustaining capacity and by providing support for ongoing climate diplomacy. 

International agreements can only work if they are translated into effective action at national and local level. IIED also works to help developing countries to implement global climate decisions by helping national policy makers.

Find out more

IIED researchers monitor international climate negotiations, providing analysis of key concepts and concerns, keeping a special focus on the interests of the world’s most vulnerable and least developed countries: 


For more information contact Achala C. Abeysinghe (, principal researcher, Climate Change; team leader, global climate change governance