Pastoralists live in an uncertain environment and have developed diverse strategies, institutions and networks to turn this unpredictability and risk to their advantage. Breeding livestock to feed selectively on the most nutritious plants, and moving livestock to those areas where the most nutritious pastures can be found are two crucial strategies. Yet despite their proven value, these strategies are still poorly understood and badly integrated in policy design. IIED undertook two pieces collaborative of research to address this.
Pastoralists move their livestock with the seasons, in search of good pasture across the drylands. Recent droughts in Africa are making decision makers question the viability of pastoralism, particularly in the face of future climate variability and change. But their fears are founded on misconceptions.
IIED can help government and non-government policymakers to understand the political economy surrounding climate change, to develop systems that put new knowledge to work, and to support institutions that can deliver climate-resilient outcomes.
IIED helps vulnerable developing countries to achieve more equitable outcomes at global climate change negotiations. We help build strong negotiating positions through compelling evidence and by strengthening countries’ ability to negotiate. Our capacity building support also helps developing countries wanting to ‘domesticate’ global decisions on climate change, driving individual national climate change policies and actions that run alongside international collective action.
The drylands are home to 2.3 billion people and cover about 40% of the Earth’s land surface. They play an important role in trade, tourism, migration and environmental services, such as carbon sequestration. Dryland communities have learnt to exploit their environment, including the cycles of flood and drought, leading sustainable livelihoods. But policymakers hold many misconceptions about drylands, and there are few government policies, investments or planning processes to support dryland communities’ own strategies.
Poor and vulnerable people are particularly affected by climate change impacts, such as floods, droughts and other extreme weather events. For decades, IIED has worked to help share knowledge developed by local communities, academics and project managers so that communities can better cope with climate change.
Community-based adaptation (CBA) to climate change focuses on empowering communities to use their own knowledge and decision-making processes to take action. IIED has held a number of annual international CBA conferences in various vulnerable countries to provide learning and sharing spaces to explore the challenges and opportunities and share experience and knowledge from CBA activities amongst practitioners, policymakers, researchers, funders and the communities at risk.
What are the major outcomes from the climate talks and what does it all mean for developing countries most vulnerable to the effects of climate change? We spoke with Saleemul Huq, Senior Fellow with IIED's climate change group, for his analysis.
What is happening at the Climate negotiations in Doha and what might the developments mean for countries most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change?
We spoke with Saleemul Huq, Senior Fellow with IIED's climate change group, for his analysis on recent developments.
In 2011 IIED turned 40 years old and our report this year has been designed to mark the occasion. We are firmly middle aged and it is a testament both to the formidable moral purpose laid down in our infancy and the flexible way of working cultivated ever since that we remain as relevant today as we did in 1971.
At the start of the Second Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development (GCARD2) in Uruguay, Camilla Toulmin, the Director of IIED, and Charles Godfrey, Director of the Oxford Martin Programme on the Future of Food, discuss the Global Food and Farming Futures Foresight report. The report looked at the global food system between now and 2050, issues of supply and demand and governance and some of the challenges that need tackling.
1.3 billion people have no electricity and 2.7 billion people do not have clean and safe access to energy for cooking. This means that around 40% of the world’s population breathe in toxic smoke created when burning charcoal, wood, coal or animal waste to cook their food.
Sumaya Zakieldeen, the Least Developed Countries representative to the Adaptation Committee under the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Framework, on how she sees her role going forward.
The latest ‘provocation’ from IIED and Hivos, held in The Hague last week (24 May), began by asking what the development community can do to support rural youth. And for consultant Felicity Proctor, the answer is clear: “we need to move from agriculture and talking about food security and productivity to enterprise, business and a decent living for many of the rural populations.”