Governance projects and articles


To improve its international effectiveness and relevance IIED has established regional advisory panels (RAPs).

What is the goal of the RAPs?


Awareness and commitment to the idea of sustainable development is increasing around the world. Yet there remain real challenges concerning how it can be achieved and how progress might be measured.


Various mechanisms are used to monitor progress and implementation of National Strategies for Sustainable Development (NSDS), eg, internal reviews, external auditing, parliamentary and budgetary reviews, and indicator-based monitoring.

Men sitting on railway tracks with roosters. Sucat Railway Community, Manila, Philippines.


The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) commit the international community to an expanded vision of poverty reduction and pro-poor growth, one that vigorously places human development at the centre of social and economic progress in all