In recent years, a wave of large-scale acquisitions of farmland for plantation agriculture has taken place in Africa, Asia and Latin America. A complex picture of actors involved up and down the chains of investment in agricultural ventures means that understanding and improving opportunities for accountability at every level is critical in ensuring that investment processes respond to local needs and aspirations.
Farmers, herders and foragers affected by large-scale land deals have looked for opportunities for voice, redress and accountability – from seeking to influence key decision-making moments to legal action before national courts, through to leveraging of lender standards and complaint mechanisms.
Despite emerging evidence on certain features of these land deals, uncertainty still surrounds the actors, relations, processes and incentives involved – the 'investment chain' underpinning large land deals. Yet understanding where the money for a given investment comes from and where the produce is sold can provide new levers for public accountability.
What will IIED do?
IIED works to generate evidence on the investment chains underpinning large land deals, and to feed that evidence into policy processes in home and host states, and internationally.
IIED also works with partners to develop guides and learning materials for civil society and citizens' groups, and organises workshops to promote lesson-sharing among practitioners.
Following the money: an advocate's guide to securing accountability for agricultural investments, Emma Blackmore, Natalie Bugalski, David Pred (2015), IIED report, Land, Investment and Rights series
Promoting accountability in agricultural investment chains (2015), IIED (animated film)
Agricultural investments in Southeast Asia: Legal tools for public accountability, Emily Polack, Lorenzo Cotula, Emma Blackmore and Shalmali Guttal (2014), IIED, Land, Investment and Rights series
Understanding agricultural investment chains: Lessons to improve governance, Lorenzo Cotula and Emma Blackmore (2014), IIED, Land, Investment and Rights series
Holding actors in agricultural investment chains to account, 22 October 2015
Collaborations on different products with the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) and with Inclusive Development International
Legal tools for citizen empowerment
Improving the use of legal tools to strengthen local rights and voices in natural resource investments